Resolving The “Natural Born Citizen” Question

… of the

United States. Although Senator Coburn is an exceptionally fine senator, one of the top three in the senate, his views on the issue are not unlike those of other members of Congress. They are simply wrong.

In all of our exchanges, Senator Coburn has relied on the same “boilerplate” language, insisting that, “First and foremost, while I disagree with most of President Obama’s policy positions, I believe he is a natural-born citizen and eligible to be President of the

United States. My belief is based upon the fact that he was born in

Hawaii, as the release of his long-form birth certificate proves, and his mother (was) a

U.S. citizen. My staff has not found any evidence that contradicts these facts beyond conspiracy theories. I also believe this issue was solved in the 2008 election, when each of the 50 states placed candidate Obama on its ballot and certified its election results. Individual states are responsible for determining the eligibility of their federal candidates, and all 50 states legitimized candidate Obama’s presidency in this way.”

There are at least three major errors and misconceptions in Senator Coburn’s response. First, he accepts that Obama was born in

Hawaii and that the long-form birth certificate released by the White House on

April 27, 2011, provides proof of that claim. If the senator would examine the extensive forensic evidence developed by Sheriff Joe Arpaio, of

Maricopa County,

Arizona, he would know that the document provided by Obama is simply a poorly-constructed forgery.

Sheriff Arpaio has made it clear that anyone who feels that his Cold Case Posse… a team of highly respected and experienced lawyers, detectives, and forensic experts… was mistaken in their conclusions, they are free to submit the posse’s work to examination by a team of experts of their own choosing. To date, none of the doubters have been doubtful enough to accept Sheriff Arpaio’s challenge. Consequently, it is only the credibility of the doubters that is found wanting. Rather than allow themselves to be proven wrong, they simply deny the validity of the posse’s findings without ever attempting to support their opposing position.

Even if it could be shown, conclusively, that Obama was born in

Hawaii, his forged birth certificate notwithstanding, he still cannot claim status as a “natural born” citizen because, by his own admission, his father was a citizen of

Kenya. The place of one’s birth is not the determining factor in who is and who is not a “natural born” citizen. Just as hundreds of thousands of “native born” children born in the

U.S. each year are not “natural born,” because their parents are not

U.S. citizens, tens of thousands of “natural born” babies are born abroad to American parents each year. These children are “natural born” citizens because both parents are

U.S. citizens.

Senator Coburn makes a common mistake, assuming that to be “native born” is to be “natural born.” It is not. The two terms are not synonymous.

Second, the senator argues that, “My staff has not found any evidence that contradicts these facts beyond conspiracy theories.” The only thing to be said in response is that, when one fails to look for evidence, it is unlikely that one will find evidence. Senator Coburn would be well advised to order his staff to utilize their own investigative resources and to take at face value the opinions of their friends on the

Washington cocktail circuit who are armed with nothing more than inside-the-beltway “conventional wisdom,” which is almost always wrong.

Finally, the senator writes, “I also believe this issue was solved in the 2008 election, when each of the 50 states placed candidate Obama on its ballot and certified its election results. Individual states are responsible for determining the eligibility of their federal candidates, and all 50 states legitimized candidate Obama’s presidency in this way.”

The senator must know that few states have laws requiring their state election board to certify the qualifications of candidates for president and vice president. To the contrary, it is an implicit constitutional duty of the party nominating conventions to nominate eligible candidates and to certify the eligibility of candidates to the state election boards so that ballots can be printed.

For example, in 2008, all of the certifications provided to the fifty state election boards by the Republican National Convention contained language certifying that John McCain and Sarah Palin met all of the constitutional requirements for the offices of president and vice president. The documents were signed by John A. Boehner and Jean A. Inman, Chairman and Secretary, respectively, of the 2008 Republican National Convention, and notarized by Sheila A. Motzko.

However, certifications provided to the state election boards by the Democratic National Committee were not uniform. The certification provided exclusively to the State of

Hawaii, pursuant to Hawaii Revised Statutes §11-113, which requires certification of constitutional eligibility, contained the following affirmation:

“THIS IS TO CERTIFY that at the National Convention of the Democrat Party of the United States of America, held in Denver, Colorado on August 25 though (sic) 28, 2008, the following were duly nominated candidates of said Party for President and Vice President of the United States respectively and that the following candidates for President and Vice President of the United States are legally qualified to serve under the provisions of the United States Constitution.”

The remaining forty-nine states, which do not require a statement of constitutional eligibility, received the following certification:

"THIS IS TO CERTIFY that at the National Convention of the Democrat Party of the United States of America, held in Denver, Colorado on August 25 though (sic) 28, 2008, the following were duly nominated as candidates of said Party for President and Vice President of the United States respectively:”

Affixed were the names and home addresses of Barack Obama and Joe Biden. The documents were signed by Nancy Pelosi and Alice Travis Germond, Chairman and Secretary, respectively, of the 2008 Democratic National Convention, and notarized by Shalifa A. Williamson.

The phrase, “… and that the following candidates for President and Vice President of the United States are legally qualified to serve under the provisions of the United States Constitution” was purposely omitted. Other than that, all of the documents were absolutely identical… even to the misspelling of the word “through” in the second line of the certifications. Clearly, Democrats knew when they nominated him that Barack Obama was not eligible to serve as president of the

United States. The question is, what did Nancy Pelosi know, and when did she know it? She should be put under oath in a court of law and made to answer that question.

Contrary to Senator Coburn’s assertion, the obligation to properly vet candidates for president and vice president lies only with: a) the party nominating conventions, b) the members of the Electoral College, and c) the members of Congress, in joint session. The party responsibility is implicit; the responsibilities of the Electoral College and the Congress are explicit.

In a December 8, 2008 discussion of the congressional certification process, Edwin Viera, Jr., Ph.D., J.D., a leading authority on the Constitution, argues that, “… the question of Obama’s eligibility vel non is not within the discretion of Congress to skirt or decide as its Members may deem politically or personally expedient.” Dr. Viera argues that, if no objection is made on the basis that Obama is not a natural born citizen… “the matter cannot be said to have been settled to a ‘constitutional sufficiency’(emphasis added),” because Congress has no power to simply waive the eligibility requirement.

In other words, the matter of Obama’s eligibility is still a matter before Congress because the Congress has not questioned and evaluated his eligibility, and in spite of the fact that the state election boards printed his name on the 2008 General Election ballot, the responsibility for vetting him is still on their collective plates.

In 2008, the delegates to the Democratic National Convention failed us, the 365 Democratic members of the Electoral College failed us, and the 535 members of the U.S. Congress failed us. In order to clarify the issue and to avoid a future constitutional crisis over presidential eligibility, the Congress should take immediate steps to establish, by law, the definition of the term “natural born Citizen.” To clarify the intentions of the Founding Fathers, the term should be defined as: “an individual born to parents, both of whom were

United States citizens at the time of the birth, and neither of whom owed allegiance to any foreign sovereignty at the time of the birth.”

The American people will come to know that, between

January 20 2009, and

January 20, 2013, the man who occupied the Oval Office was not eligible to sit in that chair. And while it would be all but impossible to reverse four years of presidential acts and appointments, by codifying the definition of “natural born Citizen” the people can be satisfied that we will never again suffer the likes of Barack Obama. But the wrong that has been done to the American people will not soon be forgotten. The delegates to the 2008 Democrat National Convention, the Democrat members of the 2008 Electoral College, and the members of the 111th Congress, of both parties, will carry the shame of their treachery to their graves.

August 17, 2012

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Authors Note ~~~~~~~~~~~ >>

I believe that Sen. Tom Coburn’s opinions regarding Barack Obama’s eligibility are representative of the opinions held by essentially all members of Congress. I have done the best job I can in refuting the senator’s principal arguments, in language that almost anyone can understand. I hope that this essay will receive wide circulation, especially to members of Congress.

Paul

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