… are invalid. This claim is now being taught to American students that we stole the land from
Mexico and we are a "bad imperialistic" country.
Contrary to this false representation by the public school systems there,
Mexico ceded parts of
Texas to the
United States to pay off a $15,000,000 debt, and a later $10,00,000 purchase of land.
In 1836 the
Texas voted to be annexed by the
United States. This occurred despite the fact that Mexico still claimed Texas and Mexican leader Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna warned that this would be "equivalent to a declaration of war against the Mexican Republic."
Under President Santa Anna, the Mexican government began to shift away from a federalist model in
Texas. The increasingly dictatorial policies, including the revocation of the Constitution of 1824 in early 1835, incited many federalists to revolt. The Mexican border region of
Texas was largely populated by immigrants from the
United States. These were accustomed to a federalist government and to extensive individual rights, and they were quite vocal in their displeasure at
Mexico's shift towards centralism. Already leery of previous American attempts to purchase
Texas, Mexican authorities blamed much of the Texian unrest on American immigrants, most of whom had made little effort to adapt to the Mexican culture.
In October, Texians engaged Mexican troops in the first official battle of theTexas Revolution. Determined to quash the rebellion, Santa Anna began assembling a large force, the Army of Operations in
Texas, to restore order. Most of his soldiers were raw recruits, and a large number had been forcibly conscripted.
TheTexians systematically defeated the Mexican troops already stationed in
Texas. The last group of Mexican soldiers in the region—commanded by Santa Anna's brother-in-law, General Martin Perfecto de Cos—surrendered on December 9 following theSiege of Bexar. By this point, the Texian Army was dominated by very recent arrivals to the region, primarily adventurers from the
United States. Many
Texas settlers, unprepared for a long campaign, had returned home. Angered by what he perceived to be American interference in Mexican affairs, Santa Annaspearheaded a resolution classifying foreigners found fighting in
Texas aspirates. The resolution effectively banned the taking of prisoners of war: in this period of time, captured pirates were executed summarily. Santa Anna reiterated this message in a strongly worded letter to United States President Andrew Jackson. This letter was not widely distributed, and it is unlikely that most of the American recruits serving in the Texian Army were aware that there would be no prisoners of war.
When Mexican troops departed San Antonio de Béxar (modern-day
San Antonio) Texian soldiers established a garrison at the Alamo Mission, a former Spanish religious outpost which had been converted to a makeshift fort. Several months before, Texians had driven all Mexican troops out of Mexican Texas.The
Battle of the
Alamo(February 23– March 6, 1836) was a pivotal event in the Texas Revolution. Following a 13-day siege, Mexican troops under President Santa Anna aunched an assault on the Alamo Mission near
Texas. All but two of theTexian defenders were killed. Santa Anna's perceived cruelty during the battle inspired many Texians—both
Texas settlers and adventurers from the
United States—to join the Texian Army. Buoyed by a desire for revenge, the Texians defeated the Mexican Army at the Battle of San Jacinto, on
April 21, 1836, ending the revolution.
Within weeks of the battle, it began to be compared to the Greek stand at the Battle of Thermopylae betweenKing Leonidas andhis 300 Spartans againstthe25,000-man(some reports of up to 2.5 Million-man)Persian Army in 480 B.C.
President John Tyler signed a treaty of annexation with
Texas in April 1844. After James Polk, a strong supporter of territorial expansion, won the presidency, but before he took office, Congress approved the annexation of
February 28, 1845. On
December 29, 1845,
Texas became the 28th state.
Texas had claimed
New Mexico east of the Rio Grande but had only made one unsuccessful attempt to occupy it;
New Mexico was only captured by the U.S. Army in August 1846 and then administered separately from
Texas. Resistance ended with the Siege of Pueblo de Taos on
February 5, 1847.
New Mexico in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed
February 2, 1848.
acknowledged the loss of
MexicanCessionlands were captured in the Mexican-American War in 1846, resistance ending with the Treaty of Cahuenga on
January 13, 1847, and acknowledged by
Mexico in theTreaty of Guadalupe Hidalgowhere
Mexico agreed to the present Mexico-United States border except for the later
Gadsden Purchase. The
United States paid $15 million and agreed to pay claims made by American citizens against
Mexico which amounted to more than $3 million.
In the Gadsden Purchase of 1853,
United States purchased a strip of land along the U.S.-Mexico border for $10 million, now in
New Mexico and
Arizona. This territory was intended for a southern transcontinental railroad.
THE SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM OF MEXICANS WANTING BACK THOSE STATES INVOLVED: Given the current financial net worths and values of the states involved in the Mexican Cession and Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and the Gadsden Purchase, if Mexico is so intent on taking back those states they lost fair-and-square during the Mexican-American War, (which the Mexicans started), then Mexico and President Calderone can pay the United States $20-$50 TRILLION based on the financial worth and value ofeach of the states involved. This would immediately eliminate the entire deficit of the
United States created by the current administration of Barack INSANE Obama.